This is part of the KAIST Terman Report.

Survey Report
on the Establishment of the
Korea Advanced Institute of Science

Donald L. Benedict
KunMo Chung
Franklin A. Long
Thomas L. Martin
Frederick E. Terman, Chairman

Prepared for
US Agency for International Development
December 1970

Chapter 4

Relations Between KAIS and Other Groups of the Scientific and Technical Community

If KAIS is to develop as projected and is to fulfill its role in Korean higher education, it will need to interact closely with a number of technical and educational groups within and without Korea. The more important of these are: Korean industry, colleges and universities in Korea; Korean governmental agencies; institutions which are adjacent to KAIS in the Science Park, for example, KIST; professional groups outside Korea including, in particular, such Uniteed States institutions as universities, governmental agencies and private foundations.

Korean Industry

Relations between KAIS and Korean industry should be close, and there should be substantial information flow between the two. In planning its initial curricula and degree requirements and in modifying these as time goes on, KAIS should keep centrally in mind that its principal function is to train the kinds of engineers and applied scientists which the forefront activities of industry require. Concurrently KAIS must educate the advancing Korean industry about the value of good engineering practice and efficient management, and must keep industry continually aware of the potential value of the engineers and applied scientists being trained at KAIS, and how they should be used.

There are a number of available mechanisms to assist in the required information flow between KAIS and industry. Some industrial engineers and scientists will be available for adjunct professorships or lecturer appointments to KAIS. In the reverse direction, KAIS faculty should be interesting consultants to industry. Industry can also conribute to the training of KAIS students through carefully organized visits to industrial plants, summer empolyment for faculty and students, and possibly especially designed on-the-job training exercises.

The Survey Team feels that it would be desirable to formalize these academically-oriented relations with industry through the establishment of an Industrial Visiting Committee. This committee would consist of individuals who were directly involved in the technological proglems of Korean industry. It would met a few times each year with KAIS academic administrators and senior faculty members. Such meetings could provide a mechanism for discussing matters of mutual interest, for analyzing ongoing programs, and for consideration of new needs that KAIS might meet. In contrast with the proposed Industrial Advisory council (see Chapter 3) which is advisory to the Board of Trustees on management matters, the Industrial Visiting Committee would be advisory to the faculty on technological matters. This Committee could, if desired, be a formal subcommittee of the Indusrial Advisory Council.

An incidental, bur far from trivial, point is that industry may turn out to be a significant source of financial support for KAIS, not only by giving help to KAIS's industrially oriented training programs, but also in providing donations of equipment, research support, student fellowships, and perhaps even endowed academic professorships.

In its conversations with executives in Korean industry, the Survey Team was pleasantly surprised to find that a relatively clear understanding of the concept of KAIS already exists, and that there is general enthusiasm for the program. Many of the industrialists indicated that they would be interested in sending selected employees to KAIS for further training. This realization of the need for and the ready acceptance of KAIS is a favorable omen for the success of KAIS.

It must be recognized that the desired relations between KAIS and industry will not just happen, but rather must be worked on, and worked on hard. Presumably the vice president for development will serve as KAIS's overall coordinator in these matters, but each faculty member should take personal responsibility for developing relations with industry in connectios with his particular specialty. What is called for is an aggressive but dignified public realtions program that involves (1) educating industry as to the character of KAIS and what its graduates can contribute to industry; (2) involvement of industrial people in KAIS's activities through lecturers, membership on KAIS advisory groups, organized visits of classes to industrial plants, professional associations between faculty members and their opposite numbers in industry, etc., etc.; (3) careful placement of MS graduates of KAIS in industrial jobs that are appropriate to their training; and so on.

The Korean Academic Community

The colleges and universities of Korea will be the principal source of students for KAIS. The undergraduate training of these entering students will be important to KAIS, and since there should also be many close professional ties between the KAIS faculty and the faculty of other colleges and universities, it is essential that close relations be maintained and the appropriate mechanisms for continued interaction be developed.

One mechanism is to establish a Universities Advisory Council [9] of Korean academic people which could meet frequently at the new Institute to discuss problems of mutual interest. A successful KAIS can have a major influence on Korean higher education in science an enginering. KAIS should use its position of leadership in a manner that affects an overall improvement throughout the Korean educational establishment.

KAIS should make provision for some professors from other universities to be appointed as adjunct professors at KAIS; other university professors might be invited to spend brief teaching or research periods at KAIS as visiting professors. Finally, there should be appropriate provisions to permit some of KAIS's special facilities, notably its library and computer, to be available to faculty from other academic institutions.

As will be noted later, there are strong reasons for KAIS to have continuing arrangement for visiting professors to come to it from abroad. It would be desirable for these people also to be available for lecturing at other academic institutions in Korea, and this sharing should further enhance good relations between KAIS and the rest of the academic community.

Adjacent Research Institutes

KAIS will be located in a "Science Park" which will also include KIST, KORSTIC, and the new Korea Defense Research Institute. This arrangement is desirable from a number of standpoints. In the first place, there are substantial efficiencies to be gained by sharing of facilities; computers; major research and test facilities; machine shops and electronic shops; stockrooms; general service and maintenance operations. Relations should be particularly close between KIST and KAIS since KIST has on its staff a number of people who would be available as adjunct professors for KAIST and who, in turn, would probably be stimulated by the teaching experience. It is possible, also that the major sharing of research facilities will be between KIST and KAIS, since each facility should have available a few items of special research equipment sufficiently expensive that some sharing would be strongly desirable.

One should not overstress the extent of intellectual interaction between these different agencies since each has important jobs to do, and their goals are substantially different. Even so, the benefits of association will far outweigh any disadvantages, and the increase in overall efficiency should be substantial.

It would appear desirable that the residents of the Science Park form an Inter-institutional Cmmittee with appropriate subcommittees to plan joint action over matters of mutual interest ranging from cooperation on scientific activities to problems related to housing, local transportation, and nursery schools.

Korean Government Agencies

The majority of KAIS interactions with Korean government agencies will be through its sponsor, the Ministry of Science and Technology. However, there should be close relations with a number of other agencies, notably the Ministry of Education. As only on example, the kinds of procedures which KAIS uses and the character of its degree structure will both be of deep interest to the Ministry of Education, as will KAIS procedures for hiring and promotion faculty and for selection of graduate students. KAIS can also expect that some of its students will be on leave from government establishments, so the relevant government agencies will require an understanding of KAIS's degree programs. It is doubtful whether special advisory council sytems will be needed for these relations, but the KAIST administration should be sensitive to the importance of these interactions and should provide appropriate mechanisms to enhance them.

KAIS faculty members can perform a useful role as advisors to government agencies. Such service should be encouraged by KAIS as it will both provide the Korean government with sound and impartial advice, and be a maturing experience for the faculty members involved.

Institutions Outside of Korea

In its early developmental period, KAIS will almost surely turn to acaedmic institutions and other agencies outside of Korea for certain vital help. Among the ways in which these outside institutions will be of assistance are:


Locating foreign trained faculty (principally expatriate Koreans) for KAIS.


Training Korean faculty to give certain modern courses in science and engineering not currently taught in Korea.


Assisting in the initiation of new lecture and laboratory courses that extend beyond Korean exerience.


Assisting in the development and continued modernization of laboratories and research facilities at KAIS.


Providing coupling arrangement between KAIS faculty and non-Korean industry, including visits to plant facilities and cooperation on research projects.


Helping to develop a continuing program of visiting professors and research arrangements between KAIS and non-Korean institutions.


Assisting in the establishment of relations between KAIS and U.S. foundations intereted in the development of emerging nations.

In the start-up years, the initial hiring and raining of faculty and the first development of courses, facilities, laboratories, and library will almost surely need to be assisted by some formal arrangement with a foreign country, very probably the United States.

The customary arrangement within the United States is most often discussed in terms of a "sister institution" which would have U.S. founds to permit it to assist the new KAIS. This implies a contractual arrangement between some U.S. Government agency (or Korean Government agency) with an engineering-oriented U.S. academic institution, such as M.I.T, Carnegie-Mellon, Stanford, California Institute of Technology, or others. The sister institution could then play a vigorious role in helping KAIS in matters such as outlined above.

This kind of extensive sister institution activity need not go on for very many years. A period of five or six years should be ample to permit the necessary faculty training and facility build-up to ensure that KAIS was off to a good start. As a useful bonus, it is probable that a member of the sister institution team could be on the Board of Trustees of KAIS and hence have some influence on general policy also.

Additional features of such a sister arrangement are discussed in Chapter 5.

As a first quality graduate school, KAIS must interact with other top quality schools abroad. Exchange of professors, students, publication and relevant information should be continuous and highly encouraged. In the near future KAIS will almost certainly be involved in educating foreign students too, and may even carry out projects for other countries. Therefore, from the starting days, KAIS should seek ways to interact vigorously with foreign higher educational institutions, including those in East Asia as well as in the western world.